Installing Binary Packages

pkgin

pkgin is the binary package manager for MINIX 3. This page describes how to use it.

<!> pkgin first appeared in Minix 3.1.8. If you're using an older version of Minix, you'll need to use the packman package manager instead.

Software packages also can built from their source code. See Installing Source Packages for details.

Using pkgin

First, you will need to fetch the package list and populate the package database:

# pkgin update

This step can be re-run to update the package list.

If you would like to install a package, you can run:

# pkgin install scmgit-base
# pkgin install subversion-base
# pkgin install gcc44

More than one at a time:

# pkgin in zip rsync

Also, there is a way to install everything:

# pkgin in $( pkgin av | awk '{ print $1 }' )

{i} Be sure to have enough free space if you install all the packages. Pkgin will estimate the space needed when it asks for your confirmation.

If you would like to search for a specific package, you can run:

# pkgin search subversion

To see a list of all available packages, you can run:

# pkgin available

You can also use more to pause between pages:

# pkgin available | more

If you would like to see all the available pkgin actions, you can run:

# pkgin

Additionally, you can study the man. page:

# man 1 pkgin

Installing from the CD

Many packages are available directly from the CD. This can be helpful in some circumstances, and is generally faster than downloading from the online repository.

To install packages from the CD, you can use pkgin_cd. This command uses the CD-ROM as the package repository. It is a wrapper for pkgin and therefore supports the same commands.

To begin using pkgin_cd:

  1. Start your installed system
  2. Insert the CD
  3. Type pkgin_cd

Like pkgin, it can install all packages:

# pkgin_cd in $( pkgin_cd av | awk '{ print $1 }' )

To remove the CD safely and use the online package repository:

  1. Type umount /mnt to stop using the CD

  2. Remove the CD
  3. Type pkgin update

Testing repository

This repository contains more and newer packages than the regular one, but those packages still need testing and validation. If you are up to it we would be very happy to get feedback on those packages!

To use it you will have to do the following:

  • Edit /usr/pkg/etc/pkgin/repositories.conf so it contains :

  ftp://ftp.minix3.org/pub/minix/packages/$osrelease-testing/$arch/All
  #ftp://ftp.minix3.org/pub/minix/packages/$osrelease/$arch/All
  • Clean the local cache:

  # pkgin clean
  • Update the db so that pkgin sees all the packages.

  # pkgin update

That's all! Now you can try out the new packages. We are awaiting for your feedback, even if it 'just works'. We need to update our available list of application. You can send us a mail directly, our post to the MINIX google group.

Note this will not update previously installed package, to replace them with the newer version you have to do this:

  # pkgin full-upgrade

When you have tested a package, please inform the community about that package status by editing DevelopersGuide/PkgsrcStatus, or sending an email to the minix team.

Notes

Pkgin will install the software in /usr/pkg/bin, which is already in your PATH by default.

MinixWiki: UsersGuide/InstallingBinaryPackages (last edited 2013-09-06 22:56:28 by ThomasCort)