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releases:3.2.0:developersguide:cpureferencemanuals [2014/11/11 08:52] (current)
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 +====== CPU Manuals ======
 +
 +===== INTEL Manuals =====
 +
 +The Intel Corporation provides many useful documents on the
 +
 +[[http://​www.intel.com/​design/​Pentium4/​documentation.htm|Pentium 4 Processor Technical Documentation page]]. ​
 +
 +Especially useful for helping you to understand the machine dependent
 +code of MINIX 3 on an IBM-PC compatible machine will be the
 +Manuals
 +section. ​ As of October 2004 the following manuals are available as PDF files
 +(read with Adobe Acrobat or Ghostview):
 +
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture Optimization Reference Manual
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture and Intel. Extended Memory 64 Software Developer'​s Manual Documentation Changes
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer'​s Manual Volume 1: Basic Architecture
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer'​s Manual Volume 2A: Instruction Set Reference, A-M
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer'​s Manual Volume 2B: Instruction Set Reference, N-Z
 +  * IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer'​s Manual Volume 3: System Programming Guide
 +  * The Software Optimization Cookbook
 +
 +These are all downloadable as PDF files (read with Adobe Acrobat or
 +Ghostview). ​ A CD-ROM containing the complete set of manuals can also
 +be ordered from Intel. ​
 +
 +
 +===== AMD Manuals =====
 +
 +All AMD processors for IBM-PC have the same IA-32 architecture as Intel
 +processors. ​ The differences are in multimedia technology, where AMD
 +processors have 3DNOW! and other things... ​ And the next AMD processor
 +(x86-64) will be different, but still compatible with IA-32. ​ So, the
 +Intel docs will also help you understand and program for AMD
 +processors. ​ But, AMD provides manuals too -- they are available at the
 +
 +[[http://​www.amd.com/​us-en/​Processors/​DevelopWithAMD/​0,,​30_2252_875_7044,​00.html|AMD64 Architecture Tech Docs]]
 +
 +page.  These AMD manuals were available as of October 2004:
 +
 +  * AMD64 Architecture Programmer'​s Manual Volume 1: Application Programming
 +  * AMD64 Architecture Programmer'​s Manual Volume 2: System Programming
 +  * AMD64 Architecture Programmer'​s Manual Volume 3: General-Purpose and System Instructions
 +  * AMD64 Architecture Programmer'​s Manual Volume 4: 128-Bit Media Instructions
 +  * AMD64 Architecture Programmer'​s Manual Volume 5: 64-Bit Media and x87 Floating-Point Instructions
 +
 +Note that the syntax of the assembly language used in MINIX 3 is different from
 +Intel'​s. The MINIX 3 syntax is consistent with assembly languages used by other 
 +UNIX-derived systems. Other links on the page point to articles describing assembly language syntax.
  
releases/3.2.0/developersguide/cpureferencemanuals.txt · Last modified: 2014/11/11 08:52 (external edit)