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releases:3.2.0:usersguide:bootmonitor [2014/11/14 07:52]
lionelsambuc created
releases:3.2.0:usersguide:bootmonitor [2014/11/14 08:04] (current)
lionelsambuc [Commonly Used Boot Monitor Commands and Options]
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 +<!> <fs big>​**The MINIX boot monitor has been replaced for version 3.2.0 with NetBSD boot monitor.**</​fs>​ <!>
 +====== The MINIX 3 Boot Monitor ======
 +This page describes the MINIX 3 boot monitor.
 +To get a summary of what the boot monitor can do, while in it, you can type:
 +Alternatively,​ you can read the [[http://​​manpages/​man8/​monitor.8.html|monitor(8) manpage]] and the [[http://​​manpages/​man8/​boot.8.html|boot(8) manpage]].
 +===== Commonly Used Boot Monitor Commands and Options =====
 +A rundown of oft-used boot monitor commands and options:
 +| //ctty 0// | Used for serial debugging; parameter selects serial port. |
 +| //​cttybaud=//​ | Sets serial baud rate. 115200 is recommended. |
 +| //menu// | Shows the Menu. |
 +| //ls// | Lists the files present on the root device. |
 +| //image=// | E.g. ///​boot/​image/​3.2.0r1//;​ Sets the image that will be booted. |
 +| //kernel=// | E.g. ///​boot/​kernel//​ or  ///​boot/​kernel/​3.2.0r2//;​ Sets the multi-boot compliant kernel that will be booted. |
 +| //boot// | Boots the image; //boot -s// will stop before running optional services. |
 +| //save// | Saves the currently set options. |
 +| //set// | Shows the currently set options. |
 +| //​no_apic=//​ | <​zero>​ to turn APIC on, <​non-zero>​ to turn it off. There is also //​apic_timer_x=<​n>//​. //​acpi=yes//​ is required with //​no_apic=0//​ |
 +| //no_smp=// | <​zero>​ to turn SMP on, <​non-zero>​ to turn it off. |
 +| //​pci_debug=1//​ | Enable PCI driver debug prints. |
 +| //​watchdog=//​ | <​non-zero>​ to turn on the NMI watchdog (kernel lock up detection; also requires //​no_apic=0//​ and //​acpi=yes//​). |
 +| //mb=1// | Switch to multi-boot protocol; currently required to bootstrap ELF kernels. |
 +Some less used options:
 +| //​acpi=yes//​ | Use the ACPI driver. |
 +| //​ahci=yes//​ | Use the AHCI driver instead of the "​at_wini"​ IDE driver (experimental!). Many other //ahci=// options are available to help debugging; see the code. |
 +| //​ata_no_dma=1//​ | Disable DMA. |
 +| //​ata_pci_debug=1//​ | Enable PCI-related debugging info in at_wini driver. Some other //ata=// options are available to help debugging; see the code. |
 +| //​atapi_dma=1//​ | Enable ATAPI DMA. |
 +| //​bios_wini=yes//​ | Use the BIOS driver instead of the "​at_wini"​ IDE driver. |
 +| //​bios_remap_first=1//​ | Force the boot drive to be remapped as d7; this allows a machine booted from an inserted media (like a faked disk image from CD booting or a USB thumb drive) to retain its normal drive assignation. |
 +| //​console=8003//​ | Enable 50 lines for the text-mode console. |
 +| //​debug_fkeys=1//​ | Enable pressing F1..F10 keys to show information about the system on the console. |
 +| //​disable=<​daemon>//​ | Prevent one //daemon// (optional service) to start; useful when debugging, or if some piece of hardware has problems; ''​disable=inet''​ will prevent the INET network stack to start. |
 +| //hz=60// | Set the system heart beat. |
 +| //​label=<​label>//​ | Allows the binding of several configurations in a single image. |
 +| //​memory=<​range>//​ | Describe the installed memory in the computer; useful to override incorrect or faulty detection or to fake a memory-starved machine. |
 +| //oxpcie=// <​hexport>​ | document me! |
 +| //​rootdev=<​device>//​ | document me! Also //​bootdev//,​ //​ramimagedev//,​ and //​ramsize//,​ described in the monitor(8) manpage. |
 +| //​rs_verbose=1//​ | Enable debugging of Resurrection Server. |
 +| //​skip_boot_config=1//​ | Prevents the ''​service edit''​ operation on the booting processes (??? document me better!) |
 +| //​sticky_alt=1//​ | Changes the behaviour of the Alt key to match Unix practice (Meta key). |
 +| //​verbose=1//​ | Enable debugging while loading and starting kernel; verbose=2 is much more verbose. |
 +| //​vm_sanitychecklevel=<​n>//​ | Enable debugging of VM Server. |
 +Some obsolete options, carried over from MINIX 2; information about them will be found in old manual pages.
 +| //bus=at// or //bus=mca// | Mainly determine the kind of PIC to use. |
 +| //​processor=586//​ | Force the detection of a given CPU family. |
 +| //​video=vga//​ or //​video=ega//​ | No noticeable effects are expected. |
 +| //​XXXETH<​n>​=//​ <​hardware-dependent>​ and //​XXXETH<​n>​_EA=//​ <MAC address> | Allows the setup of non-PnP hardwares, mainly the network cards; all this has been mostly obsoleted by PCI. The actual names of the variables depend on the driver. |
 +===== Use Cases =====
 +Testing SATA
releases/3.2.0/usersguide/bootmonitor.txt · Last modified: 2014/11/14 08:04 by lionelsambuc