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releases:3.2.0:usersguide:commandlineinterface [2014/11/11 08:52] (current)
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 +====== Command Line Interface ======
 +===== Introduction =====
 +A **command-line interface (CLI)** is a mechanism for interacting with a computer operating system or software by typing commands to perform specific tasks. ​ This text-only interface contrasts with the use of a mouse pointer with a **graphical user interface** (**GUI**) to click on options, or menus on a text user interface (TUI) to select options. The default command-line interface used by minix is **Almquist shell** (also known as **A Shell**, **ash** and **sh**) which was originally Kenneth Almquist'​s clone of the SVR4-variant of the Bourne shell; it is a fast, small, POSIX-compatible Unix shell designed to replace the Bourne shell in later BSD distributions.
 +
 +{{http://​www.in-ulm.de/​~mascheck/​various/​ash/​ash.png|Illustration of the family tree|width=850}}
 +
 +===== Function key mappings ​ =====
 +| **key** ​ |**Description** ​                 |
 +| F1         ​|Kernel processes table             |
 +| F2         ​|Processes memory maps              |
 +| F3         ​|System Image                       |
 +| F4         ​|Processes privileges ​              |
 +| F5         |Boot monitor parameters ​           |
 +| F6         |IRQ hooks and policies ​            |
 +| F7         ​|Kernel messages ​                   |
 +| F8         |VM status and process maps         |
 +| F10        |Kernel parameters ​                 |
 +| F11        |Timing details (if enabled) ​       |
 +| Shift + F1 |Process manager process table      |
 +| Shift + F2 |Signals ​                           |
 +| Shift + F3 |Filesystem process table           |
 +| Shift + F4 |Device/​Driver mapping ​             |
 +| Shift + F5 |Print keys mappings ​               |
 +| Shift + F6 |Reincarnation server process table |
 +| Shift + F8 |Data store contents ​               |
 +| Shift + F9 |Processes with stack traces ​       |
 +
 +**Note:** Function keys are only valid from the first console (ttyc0).
 +
 +===== Useful Command Lines (Shell) =====
 +  - **man** **man** -- an interface to the online reference manuals.
 +  - **passwd** -- change (own) password.
 +    - **passwd user** change the password of user //user// (root only)
 +  - **ls** -- list directory contents.
 +    - **passwd user** change the password of user //user// (root only)
 +    - **ls -al** -- long list
 +    - **ls -alt** -- long list, sorted by modification time
 +    - **ls -alS** -- long list (GNU/Linux only), sorted by file size
 +  - **cd directory** -- change to directory
 +    - **cd** -- change to default/​home directory
 +    - **pwd** -- show current directory
 +  - Basic File Utilities
 +    - **cp file1 file2** -- copy file1 to file2
 +    - **rm file1** -- remove (delete) file1
 +    - **mv file1 file2** move (change) file1 to file2
 +    - **mkdir dir** make directory dir
 +    - **rmdir dir** remove directory dir
 +  - More File Utilities
 +    - **cat file** -- read a file
 +    - **more file** -- read a file per screen
 +    - **ln -s -- file sfile** -- make a symbolic link from file to sfile
 +    - **grep aworld file** -- search string aword inside file using regular expression
 +    - **sort file** -- sort a file
  
releases/3.2.0/usersguide/commandlineinterface.txt · Last modified: 2014/11/11 08:52 (external edit)