Step by Step porting Guide for NetBSD userland written by zacts.
Note: This tutorial assumes familiarity with the UNIX command line, git, email, and how to install an OS into a virtual machine. Also, I may update my blog entries from time to time for updates.
Importing NetBSD commands into minix3 is simpler than you might initially think. Once you understand how the process works of modifying the correct files, crossbuilding the minix.git repo, and using git to format and send a patch, you should have no problem importing new simple NetBSD commands.
For this tutorial, you will want to read the wiki page describing how to import NetBSD commands into minix3 Porting the NetBSD Userland.
First, we must clone the minix.git repo by issuing the command:
git clone git://git.minix3.org/minix.git
We now want to clone the latest minix3 netbsd.git repo.
git clone git://git.minix3.org/netbsd.git
Note: you may also use
git remote add netbsd git://git.minix3.org/netbsd.git git remote update
within the minix repo to keep everything together.
For this step, decide on a NetBSD utility you want to import into minix3. You should check the official wiki guide listed above, Porting the NetBSD Userland, and scroll down to make sure you aren't duplicating work that someone else is working on. Another consideration is to know your skill level, in terms of understanding C, UNIX, POSIX, and the Minix3 codebase. You may want to chat with the Minix3 developers on the official minix3 mailing list if you have questions regarding which command you should import, and what all would be involved in doing that: Minix3 Google Groups.
Next we will actually copy the NetBSD command into the proper subdirectory of the locally cloned minix repo.
There are several possibilities here; the command will probably be in either the
netbsd/usr.sbin subdirectories. In some cases the tool may be found in one of the
When you find out which directory your command is located, you must then copy it into the corresponding
Now we must add the newly imported command into the Makefile for the corresponding
minix/usr.sbin directory that we copied the NetBSD command into in the previous step.
These commands must be listed in alphabetical order within the Makefile.
At this point you will need to remove the directory within
minix/minix/commands containing the NetBSD command, and you will also want to remove the command's entry in the
Find if the command has a
man page listed within one of the
minix/minix/man/ subdirectories, and then remove the
man page. Also, you will need to remove the corresponding
man page entry from the Makefile in the same directory of the old
Add entries for the proper locations of the imported NetBSD
command. Also, make sure to put the word
obsolete after the entry for the old
command unless the new command's location is the same as the previous command's
location, and if both the old and new command share the same name.
Note that since the Minix 3.3.0, the single mi file has been split among multiple
minix-*/mi files. You will have to find the right subfolder to edit the mi file for your file(s) that changed.
If the old minix command had a different install path, i.e.
git grep the old path:
git grep '/usr/bin/sleep'
Remove any old invocations of the old path, unless it is part of a test suite or another NetBSD command that references the old path in the original upstream source code for that test suite and/or command.
Note: This step should work on most Gnu/Linux distros, along with
FreeBSD. For this next step, make sure you have the required build
dependencies installed: gcc, g++, gnumake, binutils, zlibc, zlib1g,
zlib1g-dev, and curl. If you have any problems ask the
mailing list. (Note: The following example assumes you are running Debian or a Debian
variant of Linux.)
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ make binutils zlibc zlib1g zlib1g-dev curl
Next, you will want to cross build minix with the new
cd into the minix directory and issue the following
If you have any build failures, either you don't have the required
build dependencies installed, you don't have an internet connection
(the crossbuild fetches programs during the build), or there are Minix3
related issues with porting your command. For the latter, sending a well
researched question to the minix3 google groups mailing list with a log
of the end of your
build can be helpful. The newly built ISO will be located in the
Now we want to test the x86 minix3 image within a virtual machine.
Boot your newly built ISO image into a virtual machine, such as VirtualBox,
and then test the install. If it installs, then you may reboot the virtual
machine, and try booting into it without the ISO image.
Now you want to invoke the command with
as many of the command's flags as possible. view the
man page for the newly
imported command. Now, you will want invoke the
minix-posix test suite within
the virtual machine.
If the tests for your command pass, then you are good to go. Otherwise, you may want to send a log of the tests to the mailing list if asked to do so.
Finally, once everything is tested use:
git format-patch --cover-letter
to format a patchset to email to the google groups minix-dev mailing list.
Once you look over and review the patches, and create a cover letter, use
git send-email to send your patch
firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list.
git help send-email for more details. (Also,
another great resource for help with git is the community Pro Git book available from the git homepage.)